Is Millet good for health?
Millets in India - are superior importance that is because India is one of the largest producers of 11 million tonnes every year.
Millets are good replacement for regular foods for weight loss, Are you still looking for a sustainable weight loss, so you don’t put it back again? check with the millet-based products
The following blog will explain to you about the millet and their varieties. Let's go into it
1. Sorghum (Jowar)
One of the rare cereals that do not have any major side effects, Sorghum has been considered to be a part of a healthy diet for centuries. Sorghum, popularly known in India as Jowar, is a cereal grain, which is found mostly in tropical and subtropical climates. The combination of a rich concentration of calcium and magnesium works like a charm for improving bone health, while similarly, the combination of copper and iron improves blood circulation in the body. Sorghum makes for a wonderful alternative food for people suffering from gluten energy. It is also extremely beneficial for maintaining stable energy levels in the body throughout the day.
Foxtail millets are available in the form of rice, fine-textured flour. It is rich in dietary fiber, and minerals like copper and iron. The millet is also reported to possess a low-glycemic index, hypolipidemic, and antioxidant characteristics. As per recent research, like most millet varieties, foxtail millet remains under-utilized as a food source. It is receiving a good commercial and research attention, especially because its cultivation is not too demanding from point of view of agricultural inputs and it can grow in difficult terrains. The foxtail millet has an important role play in enhancing nutritional and food security.
Pearl millet is one in all the foremost drought-resistant grains in business production. It is able to grow in areas that have frequent periods of dry weather during either the vegetative or procreative phases. Pearl millet is a summer annual crop and it was well-suited for double cropping and rotations. It is deep-rooted and may use residual nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and, therefore, may not need the levels of fertility required by other summer grains. These features enhance pearl millet's desirability in lower input, dryland production systems. The total metabolizable energy of pearl millet is comparable to corn. Crude protein levels in pearl millet may vary from 12 to 14 %.
Barnyard millet is a grain crop of lesser importance. It is very drought resistant but is also capable of withstanding waterlogging conditions. Barnyard millet can produce ripe grain in 45 days from the sowing time under optimal weather conditions. Barnyard millet does not suffer from major fungal diseases and is a valuable fodder plant.
It is generally grown as a rainfed crop. Kudiraivali grains are consumed just like rice. They are also used in making rice pudding (kheer). The digestibility of protein is 40 percent. The grain is eaten mostly by the poor classes, but sometimes it is brewed the beer. It is also used as a feed for cage birds. The straw makes good fodder for cattle. Its green fodder is very much relished by cattle.
Finger Millet, also known as Ragi is an important millet grown extensively in various regions of India and Africa. Its scientific name is Eleusine coracana. It ranks sixth in production after wheat, rice, maize, sorghum and bajra in India. Ragi is a rich source of Calcium, Iron, Protein, Fiber, and other minerals. The cereal has low-fat content and contains mainly unsaturated fat. It is easy to digest and does not contain gluten; people who are sensitive to gluten can easily consume Finger Millet. Ragi is considered one of the most nutritious cereals. I
6. Little Millet
Little millet is suitable for people of all age groups. Little millet is grown throughout India and is a traditional crop. It is a relative of proso millet but the seeds of little millet are much smaller than proso millet.
Little millets, with their low carbohydrate content, slow digestibility, and low water-soluble gum content have been attributed to improving glucose metabolism. The grains release sugar slowly in the blood and slow down glucose absorption. The dietary fiber and resistant starch in minor millets exhibit hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects.
7. Kodo millet
Kodo millet scientifically knows as Paspalum scrobiculatum, is an annual grain that is grown primarily in India. It is grown as a minor crop in most of these areas, with the exception of the Deccan plateau in India where it is grown as a major food source. Kodo millet is a good substitute for rice or wheat. Protein, fiber, and mineral content are much higher than the major cereals like rice. It can be cooked just like rice or ground into flour. It provides balanced nutrition, unlike polished white rice.
Kodo millet intake is found to reduce fasting blood glucose levels and promotes a significant increase in serum insulin levels. Anti-diabetic compounds in Kodo are quercetin, ferulic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, and syringic acid. Thus regular use is recommended for diabetic patients.
The importance of regular food use of nutrient-dense millet for achieving a holistic food and nutritional security is widely recognized.
Millet based products,